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The Shade Catalog Shines a Light on Agroforestry and Farmer Livelihoods

The Shade Catalog

The cover of the new Shade Catalog by Conservation International, Smithsonian Migratory Bird Center and World Coffee Research.

Agroforestry, i.e. the integration of trees and shrubs into cultivated cropland, has been widely touted as beneficial to the environment. It can provide shade to sun-baked crop plants and soils, protect and enhance biodiversity, attract life-giving pollinators, provide additional sources of revenue, improve soil health, and much more.

Yet, as numerous studies on coffee land management have noted, not all shade is created equal.

Helping to differentiate shade sources in coffee cultivation, three sustainability-minded nonprofits have teamed up to launch The Shade Catalog, a living document designed to benefit the natural environments in which coffee is grown, as well as the people who grow it.

The Shade Catalog comes from the Conservation International, the Smithsonian Migratory Bird Center and World Coffee Research.

For the first version of the catalog, the groups turned to Indonesia, which is one of the world’s leading producers of arabica and robusta coffees but also one of the world’s most naturally biodiverse places with some 2 million smallholder coffee farmers working the land.


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The organizations said the Indonesia Coffee Shade Catalog, which continues to be updated, will be followed by similar catalogs in other prominent producing countries, beginning with Peru in 2022.

From a practical standpoint, the catalog resembles World Coffee Research’s own groundbreaking arabica varieties catalog, which provides vital information on scores of known commercial coffee varieties found throughout the world.

In this case, the catalog is looking at complementary trees and shrubs, providing easily digestible and visually compelling data on characteristics such as scientific family name, leaf size, plant height, elevation range, native habitats and existing non-native habitats. The catalog also makes clear whether the tree or shrub is beneficial to robusta and/or arabica cultivation, while also outlining other farm uses and maintenance requirements.

Coffee Shade Catalog

A page from the catalog.

Available in print or online in both English and Bahasa, the catalog currently includes 125 coffee or shrub types, with photos for nearly all of them.

“We hope to encourage farmers and industry decision-makers to implement agroforestry systems that sustain both people and the environment,” Smithsonian Migratory Bird Center Ecologist Ruth Bennett said in an announcement of the release today. “Coffee is a unique crop because it can be grown with trees, to benefit climate, biodiversity and farmers alike. This catalog is a starting point for similar work in coffee-growing regions around the world.”

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